Bind/ Cast-off Stitches When you have finished knitting a piece, you will have a row of loops on your needle. You must bind off (fasten down) these loops, or your work will unravel.
Knit the first two stitches of the row.
Now using the point of the left needle, lift the first stitch up and over the second stitch and off the end of the right needle.
You have just bound off one stitch. There should be one stitch remaining on your right needle.
Now work the next stitch in the row. Left the second stitch over the third and off the needle. Continue in this manner across the row.
It is very important to work your bind off row loosely. It needs to be elastic, just like your knitting. If you have difficulty a larger needle may be used for the bind off row.
At the end of the row, you will have one stitch remaining on your needle. Cut the yarn (at least 3" long) and pull the tail of yarn through the last stitch. This is called "finishing off" the yarn and will prevent the work from unraveling.
The same procedure would be followed for binding off in purl stitch, except the stitches are purled instead of knitted.
Always bind off in pattern, knitting the knit stitches and purling the purl stitches.